You Will Need
- 12 in piece of 2" Copper Wire
- Heavy Gauge Copper Wire
- Medium Gauge Wire
- 2 large glass nuggets Marbles
- 2 oil filled Wands
- 4 "O"-Ring Gaskets (Black)
- Copper Tape / Foil
- Flux Brush
- Clear Glass (can be scrap piece, must have enough surface space to draw a 1.75" equilateral triangle)
- Plastic Fid
- three 12" strips of mirrored Glass
- Duct Tape (for mirror)
- Heavy cotton Gloves
Always put on heavy cotton gloves and safety eyewear before handling flux and soldering.
Unwind solder from coil and twist strands together, forming a thicker solder "rope."
Continue this process until the 12" pipe is covered by solder and there are no sharp points in the solder.
Take a piece of clear glass and trace around the end of the 12" pipe to create a perfectly sized circle that will cover the end of the kaleidoscope. Cut to size with pistol grip cutter and running pliers. Lightly grind rough edges with a wet stone. (This will later be used as the eyepiece.)
Note: Be sure to wear safety eyewear to protect eyes from flying glass chips and debris as edges are smoothed down.
Bend copper foil over the edges of the glass circle. Apply more copper foil to glass circle forming the outline of a 1.75" equilateral triangle. Use additional copper foil to cover the gaps left between the perimeter outline of the triangle and the edges of the glass circle. Burnish with fid.
Add copper foil to the edges of the large glass nuggets. Brush with flux to clean. Decorative solder now can be applied to the large glass nuggets and they will be added as decorative embellishments later in the project.
Now add solder to the circle of glass that contains the outline of the triangle. Completely coat over the copper taped areas around the triangle perimeter. Adhere the glass circle to one end of the pipe (which will now be referred to as the bottom of the kaleidoscope) by first heating the end of the pipe with the propane torch under solder begins to melt slightly. Then place the glass circle on the end of the pipe and use soldering iron and torch to bond together the solder that encases the edges of the glass to the solder from the end of the pipe.
Clean 12" heavy gauge wire with wool and flux. Secure in bench vice. Heat with torch and coat completely with solder the same way as when soldering the pipe. The two 2.5" medium gauge wire lengths can also be coated now as well using the same technique.
Shape the two 2.5" medium gauge wire pieces that were soldered earlier into an oval configuration and then solder both to the top, open end of the kaleidoscope (with one directly across from the other).
Solder on the remaining decorative soldered glass nuggets to the front of the kaleidoscope.
Use Cleaner and soft rag to clean the kaleidoscope thoroughly inside and out.
When clean apply patina and polish to the outside of the kaleidoscope. Wipe excess away with a rag. Allow time to dry.
Once fully cleaned and dried, insert the mirrors. Line up the three mirrored glass strips in a row, facing right side down on a table. Leave very small evenly spaced gaps between pieces and place long continuous strips of duct tape across the back loosely stringing the glass strips to one another.
Turn the mirrors right side u and fold the three sides together, forming a triangle. Secure in place by wrapping with duct tape.
Carefully slide the folded mirrors into the body of the kaleidoscope.
Set the kaleidoscope up right. Adjust the mirrors to line up evenly with the triangular clear glass viewing port at the other end of the kaleidoscope body.