About

Cost
$ $ $ $ $
Difficulty
• • • •
Time
30 mins

Pop-Up
This mechanism uses a strip of card spanning the spine to raise a pop-up on the opposite page. The pop-up can be a Curved shape (as here), a flap, or a Parallelogram. The strip can be concealed beneath the page, which makes the effect even more surprising.

Posted by GMC Group Published See GMC Group's 302 projects » © 2019 Duncan Birmingham / GMC Publications · Reproduced with permission. · Pop-Up Design and Paper Mechanics by Duncan Birmingham, £14.99 published by GMC publications, available www.thegmcgroup.com
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You Will Need

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 1
    Step 1

    First, take a piece of card approximately 4in (100mm) wide and 10in (254mm) long. Make folds for gluing-tabs at each end, and a third parallel fold about 1in (25mm) off centre. Length A plus one gluing-tab should be slightly less than one side of your card base. Length A should be longer than length B. 


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 2
    Step 2

    Use the width of a ruler to draw two horizontal, parallel guide lines (C and C).


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 3
    Step 3

    Draw the rest of the shape. The edges of tab D lie just within the guide lines. The edges of tabs E are just outside the guide lines. 


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 4
    Step 4

    Cut out the piece. The shape F to the left of the middle fold is an integral part of the strip; 
it guides the moving edge that slides on the page as the base opens. 


  • Step 5

    Crease all the folds.


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 6
    Step 6

    Fold the main body of the piece over the strip.


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 7
    Step 7

    Fold tabs E underneath it. 


  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 8
    Step 8

    Place the piece on the base with crease G not more than 1in (25mm) away from the spine. 


  • Step 9

    Before gluing, try pulling tab D, to make sure that the strip can slide freely between tabs E. 


  • Step 10

    With the whole piece in position, flat on the page, glue tabs E.


  • Step 11

    Leave tab D flat on the page (NOT folded). Put glue on top of tab D, then close the base. Allow the glue to set before opening as tab D takes a lot of stress when the base is opened.

    Additions
    Additional flat strips can be added to this curved shape. Put glue on the end of the strips – they will rise at different angles, depending on where they are attached to the curve.

    Other pop-ups can also be built into the little gully created where the strip attaches to the base.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 12
    Step 12

    Running the Automatic pull-strip under the page

    The strip can be constructed to run under the base. This holds the sliding part of the mechanism down on the page, it also hides the pull-strip and gets it out of the way of other pop-up constructions.

    In this variation the end of the pull-strip near the spine, A, is exactly the same as in the previous example, but the construction at the other end is slightly different – it has one long gluing-tab, B, all the way across the width of the piece.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 13
    Step 13

    Two slits are cut in the base, C and C. Note the shape of these slits – their ends are extended horizontally by about 1⁄2in (13mm) to allow the page to lift slightly, and so facilitate the movement of the card.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 14
    Step 14

    Construction: the strip is threaded through the slits until crease A is approximately 1⁄2in (13mm) from the spine; leave the gluing-tab lying flat.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 15
    Step 15

    Fold the body of the card over towards the spine and fold tab B underneath it.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 16
    Step 16

    With the piece lying flat, glue tab B to the page between the two slits.

  • Step 17

    Put glue on top of tab A, then close the base and press firmly. Give the glue time to set before opening the page.

  • Step 18

    Using the Automatic pull-strip to raise a flap in the middle of the page

    1 Make the flap – a piece of card with a gluing- tab on one side.

    2 Glue the flap to the page. Make two slits in the page – be sure to leave enough of a gap between slit A and the spine, and slit B and the flap for the pull-strip to be able to move comfortably.

    3 Draw a line, C, on the page parallel to the spine and about 1⁄2in (13mm) away from it. Draw a line, D, on the flap parallel to the
    crease where the flap is attached to the page. One end of the pull-strip will be attached here. The position of this line, D, is critical. To make the flap flip right over make length E = length F. To make the flap stand vertical make E = 2 x F. Measure the distance between the two lines, G.

    4 Make the pull-strip with a gluing-tab at
    each end. The distance between the gluing-tabs’ creases is G.

    5 Thread the pull-strip through the slots in the base.
    Glue one end of the pull-strip to the flap with the gluing-tab’s crease exactly on line D.

    Make sure the crease at the other end of the strip is exactly on line C then, with the gluing- tab flat, put glue on the top of it, shut the base and press firmly.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 19
    Step 19

    Automatic pull-strip theory

    With the base closed this is the position of crease A in relation to the spine.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 20
    Step 20

    With the base open, crease A moves to position B in relation to the spine. The distance between position A and position B is the amount of movement generated at the other end of the strip, C.

    At its most simple, this movement can be used to pull a flat image across the page. It can also be used to flip a flap, or raise a plane which can in turn lift Parallelograms or V-folds.

  • Step 21

    A Parallelogram can be built onto the flap rising in the middle of the page

    Make a flap rise on the page as explained in 17.2. In this case at step 3, E will be 2 x F.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 22
    Step 22

    Make a Parallelogram piece – length A will be the same height as the raised flap.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 23
    Step 23

    Length B on the Parallelogram will be the same as the distance between the place where the flap’s crease is fixed to the page and where the Parallelogram glues down between
    the two slits in the base.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 24
    Step 24

    Automatic pull-strip turning a flap on the opposite page

    This mechanism is made with two pieces. The first is
    a pull-strip with a gluing-tab, A, on one end and a flap on the other. There is a fold, B, between the flap and the strip.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 25
    Step 25

    The second piece is a rectangle of card with a gluing-tab, C, in the middle of one edge. There is a crease between the gluing-tab and the card. Tab C will glue to the back of the flap. The other edge of the card, D, will glue down flat and flush against the edge of the base.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 26
    Step 26

    Place the strip with A opened out flat and almost touching the spine of the base. Fold the flap over on top of the strip. Distance E between the spine and the crease of flap A must
    be the same as E between crease B and the crease of flap C.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 27
    Step 27

    Glue the second piece into position with edge D flush
    against the edge of the page A and tab C glued to the back
    of the flap.

  • Step 28

    Put glue on top of flap A. Close the base, press firmly and allow the glue on tab A to set.

  • How to make a papercraft. Automatic Pull Strip - Step 29
    Step 29

    Open the base. Because the flap is folding towards the
    closing page it may need to be
    trimmed, as it will snag if it
    is too long.

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