Shelf 41c6xa8fzhl

Extract from Pop-Up Design and Paper Mechanics • By Duncan Birmingham • Published by GMC Publications

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Cost
$ $ $ $ $
Difficulty
• • • • •
Time
1h00

Pop-Up
This mechanism, made from one piece of card, is best understood as a triple V-fold. It is a very useful shape as it raises an array of six planes and nine gullies, all of which can be extended or used to raise additional pop-up shapes.

Posted by GMC Group Published See GMC Group's 302 projects » © 2019 Duncan Birmingham / GMC Publications · Reproduced with permission. · Pop-Up Design and Paper Mechanics by Duncan Birmingham, £14.99 published by GMC publications, available www.thegmcgroup.com
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You Will Need

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 1
    Step 1

    Take half a sheet of A4 card for the pop-up.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 2
    Step 2

    Fold the card in half.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 3
    Step 3

    Fold an angled crease in it.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 4
    Step 4

    Unfold the card and cut away a wedge from the centre – below the point where the three creases meet.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 5
    Step 5

    Fold up one of the sides.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 6
    Step 6

    With the side folded up, fold it again – this secondary fold (*) should be angled up and away from the central crease.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 7
    Step 7

    When the piece is folded out flat, these new creases should look like an arrow pointing towards (but not touching) the centre.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 8
    Step 8

    Repeat, making similar folds on the other half of the piece.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 9
    Step 9

    Cut four gluing-tabs below the fold lines at the bottom of the piece.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 10
    Step 10

    Thoroughly crimp each crease. On this version of the mechanism there are only two Valley-folds (‘V’), one on each side of the central fold, all the others are Mountain-folds (‘M’).

  • Step 11

    To establish how they will lie when in the closed position, fold the whole piece into a concertina shape.

  • Step 12

    GLUING: follow the method used for Foundation Shape 2. Before gluing, experiment with the position on the page of the two central tabs, tight in close to the spine, or further out at a wider angle. The different positions create very different shapes.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 13
    Step 13

    Start by gluing the central tabs.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 14
    Step 14

    Glue side A, fold the pop- up piece into its closed position, put glue on tab B and shut the base so that tab B finds its correct symmetrical position.

  • Step 15

    Glue the two side tabs, one at a time. Fold tab C into its closed position, flat against the pop-up, apply glue, then fold the base shut so that tab C finds its natural position.

  • Step 16

    Repeat for tab D.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 17
    Step 17

    M-fold variations

    10.1
    The two outer planes on each side of the mechanism can be configured to point backwards instead of forwards. In this case the four outer creases (two on each side of the central fold) are Valley folds.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 18
    Step 18

    10.2

    On this variation the bottom of the pop-up piece has not been cut to form four gluing-tabs which can be stuck down behind the body of the pop-up. Instead two large tabs are left, these have to come forward and glue to the base in front of the pop-up. This can be useful if Counter-folds are being added to the front of the design.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 19
    Step 19

    10.3

    This variation uses an Asymmetric V-fold (see Foundation Shape 5, to form the central body of the mechanism. The two sides are constructed as for shape 10.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 20
    Step 20

    M-fold theory

    The most common formula for the angles on an M-fold is very straightforward:

    A=A, B=C,D=E

    The central angles A and A follow the rules that apply to V-folds.

  • How to make a papercraft. M Fold - Step 21
    Step 21

    In all the examples illustrated here the outer angles B and C match, or mirror, each other.

    This is the most common form of the mechanism.

    Usually, as in all these examples, angles D on
    the pop-up and E on the base are also the same as each other.

  • Step 22

    ADJUSTING THE ANGLES TO CHANGE THE SHAPE

    Some designs break away from the basic symmetry – either to swing an outer pair of planes in towards the centre, or backwards away from it. This is the formula:
    To swing the outer planes inwards:
    Add the same amount (x) to both B and D so that they become bigger than C and E. B = C + x, D = E + x, i.e. B = 70 ̊, C = 50 ̊,
    D = 130 ̊,E = 110 ̊,x = 20 ̊.

    To swing the outer planes outwards, the formula
    is reversed. The same amount (y) is added to both C and E so they become bigger than B and D.
    E = D + y, C = B + y, i.e. E = 130 ̊,
    D = 110 ̊, B = 60 ̊, C = 80 ̊, y = 20 ̊.

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