These are the basics of the technique called “udklipshedebo” or Hedebo needlelace. This style features cutwork with needlelace fillings, and additional motifs worked on the surrounding fabric in surface embroidery.
Stitch the Edging: Hedebo Buttonhole Stitch
This stitch is often worked around the perimeter of a piece to create a base for decorative needlelace, such as buttonhole scallops and pyramids. It is done on a folded fabric edge. Regular buttonhole stitches are usually sewn with the needle pointing away from you, while Hedebo buttonhole stitches are worked with the needle pointing toward you. The initial row of stitching is worked with a sharp-pointed needle. For the second row, use a tapestry or blunt-ended needle.